Aedes aegypti is the urban vector of dengue viruses worldwide. While climate influences the geographical distribution of this mosquito species, other factors also determine the suitability of the physical environment for this mosquito. Importantly, the close association of Ae. aegypti with humans and the domestic environment allows this species to persist in regions that may otherwise be unsuitable based on climatic factors alone. This review highlights the need to incorporate the impact of the urban environment in attempts to model the potential distribution of Ae. aegypti and briefly discuss the potential for future technology to aid management and control of this widespread vector species.