The 2014 outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa has claimed more lives than all previous Ebola outbreaks combined. Along with its high case fatality rate, this outbreak has caused infection of several local and foreign health care workers. In order to understand outbreak control and determine appropriate public health practices, as well as guide future avenues of research, it is important to assess the current state of our knowledge about Ebola virus transmission between people.
This short review describes different routes of Ebola virus transmission between people, summarizing the known epidemiological and experimental data.
Understanding Ebola Virus Transmission. (2015) Viruses, 7(2): 511-521; doi: 10.3390/v7020511
An unprecedented number of Ebola virus infections among healthcare workers and patients have raised questions about our understanding of Ebola virus transmission. Here, we explore different routes of Ebola virus transmission between people, summarizing the known epidemiological and experimental data. From this data, we expose important gaps in Ebola virus research pertinent to outbreak situations. We further propose experiments and methods of data collection that will enable scientists to fill these voids in our knowledge about the transmission of Ebola virus.