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Category Archives: Microbiology
Viruses possessing a non-segmented genome require a specific recognition of their nucleic acid to ensure its protection in a capsid. A similar feature exists for viruses having a segmented genome, usually consisting of viral genomic segments joined together into one … Continue reading
This short review presents current understanding of the role of viruses on honey bee health and address some overarching questions in honey bee virology. Why Should I Be Concerned about Honey Bee Colony Losses and What Is Colony Collapse Disorder … Continue reading
First discovered in 1947, Zika virus (ZIKV) infection remained a little-known tropical disease until 2015, when its apparent association with a considerable increase in the incidence of microcephaly in Brazil raised alarms worldwide. There is limited information on the key … Continue reading
Bacterial cells are intricately organized, despite the lack of membrane-bounded organelles. The extremely crowded cytoplasm promotes macromolecular self-assembly and formation of distinct subcellular structures, which perform specialized functions. For example, the cell poles act as hubs for signal transduction complexes, … Continue reading
For millennia, pathogens and human hosts have engaged in a perpetual struggle for supremacy. From the earliest recorded smallpox epidemics around 1350 B.C.E to the Black Death due to Yersinia pestis in the Middle Ages and continuing to modern times … Continue reading
I’ve asked the question How many different bacterial species are there on this blog before. It seems that we may be approaching an answer. A census of species of Archaea and Bacteria published recently showed that, despite ever-increasing sequencing efforts, … Continue reading
Emerging infectious disease events are dominated by zoonoses: infections that are naturally transmissible from animals to humans or vice versa. A worldwide survey of ~5,000 bat specimens identified 66 novel paramyxovirus species – more than double the existing total within … Continue reading
I spent more than 10 years working on HTLV, the first human retrovirus to be discovered, but it was a long time ago (propably before most of the people reading this now were born :-) It’s good to get an … Continue reading
Most adults carry multiple herpesviruses. Following the initial acute infection, these viruses establish life-long infections in their hosts and cause cold sores, keratitis, genital herpes, shingles, infectious mononucleosis, and other diseases. Some herpesviruses can cause cancer in man. During the … Continue reading