Category Archives: Microbiology

Fungal Super Glue – Biofilms

Biofilms are arguably the most common state of microbial growth found in nature and in patients infected with pathogenic organisms. A feature of prokaryotic and eukaryotic biofilms is their production of an extracellular matrix. The matrix provides a protective environment … Continue reading

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Closing in on the causes of host shutoff

When a virus enters a cell it relies on the molecular machinery of its host to help it replicate. In particular, the virus relies on the ribosomes in the host cell to translate viral messenger RNA (mRNA) into polypeptides. Many … Continue reading

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Latency in Herpes Simplex Virus 1

Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotropic virus that establishes a life-long latent infection in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) of the infected human host. From time to time the virus asymptomatically or symptomatically reactivates from the latency stage producing … Continue reading

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Human Hookworm Infection

Hookworm affects approximately 500 million people worldwide, yet its global economic and health impact is not well understood. A new study suggests that the health and economic burden of hookworm infection is estimated to exceed those of a number of … Continue reading

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The debt we owe to retroviruses

It was already known that genes inherited from ancient retroviruses are essential to the formation of the placenta in mammals. Now it appears that genes with retrovirus origins may also be responsible for the more developed muscle mass seen in … Continue reading

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Fighting Rabies in China

China has the second highest number of reported rabies cases in the world, but numbers of human deaths have been decreasing. According to the WHO, the Chinese authorities are forecasting national rabies elimination by 2025. Most of the cases are … Continue reading

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The Ins and Outs of Multipartite Plant Viruses

Viruses possessing a non-segmented genome require a specific recognition of their nucleic acid to ensure its protection in a capsid. A similar feature exists for viruses having a segmented genome, usually consisting of viral genomic segments joined together into one … Continue reading

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The Buzz about Honey Bee Viruses

This short review presents current understanding of the role of viruses on honey bee health and address some overarching questions in honey bee virology. Why Should I Be Concerned about Honey Bee Colony Losses and What Is Colony Collapse Disorder … Continue reading

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Assessing the global threat from Zika virus

First discovered in 1947, Zika virus (ZIKV) infection remained a little-known tropical disease until 2015, when its apparent association with a considerable increase in the incidence of microcephaly in Brazil raised alarms worldwide. There is limited information on the key … Continue reading

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