Tag Archives: epidemiology

Zoonotic Hepatitis E Virus

During the past ten years, several new hepatitis E viruses (HEVs) have been identified in various animal species. In parallel, the number of reports of indigenous hepatitis E in Western countries has increased as well, raising the question of what … Continue reading

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History and origin of the HIV-1 epidemic in South Africa

HIV has spread at an alarming rate in South Africa, making it the country with the highest number of HIV infections. Several studies have investigated the histories of HIV-1 subtype C epidemics but none have done so in the context … Continue reading

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MicrobiologyBytes Halloween House of Horror Part II: Monsters, microbiology and mathematics – the epidemiology of a zombie apocalypse

This is the first time I’ve ever cited Twilight on MicrobiologyBytes. Don’t expect it happen again anytime soon :-) Continue reading

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Goats cause cancer. Yes they do. Really.

Although studies have so far failed to find an infectious agent, the evidence is now pretty clear that “professional exposure to goats” increases the risk of lung cancer.   Professional Exposure to Goats Increases the Risk of Pneumonic-Type Lung Adenocarcinoma: … Continue reading

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Is public transport a risk factor for acute respiratory infection?

How risky is public transport? Continue reading

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Advances and insights into Rift Valley fever

This article reviews recent research on Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) infection, encompassing four main areas: epidemiology and outbreak prediction, viral pathogenesis, human diagnostics and therapeutics, and vaccine and therapeutic candidates. RVFV continues to extend its range in Africa and … Continue reading

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What gets up your nose?

Staphylococcus aureus is an invasive human pathogen with increasing incidence and morbidity in hospitals and the community. Both healthy persons and those with underlying illness are at risk for diverse skin and soft tissue infections, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, meningitis, bacteremia, and … Continue reading

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Why is TB more common in men than in women?

Gender: biological and behavioral differences determining “the state of being male or female”) Sex: biological differences in males and females In most countries, tuberculosis (TB) notification is twice as high in men as in women. Although there is clear evidence … Continue reading

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Severity of swine flu in the USA

Research published this week in PLoS Medicine presents the most accurate assessment to date of the severity of the swine flu (H1N1) pandemic in the US. Scientists need to measure the severity of swine flu (how often infection with the … Continue reading

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