- Emerging disease
Top Posts & Pages
This is a personal weblog. The opinions expressed here represent my own views and not those of my employer or any other organization. Comments on posts represent the opinions of visitors.
MicrobiologyBytes by AJ Cann is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
Tag Archives: interferon
Zika virus cannot replicate in mice – unless you knock out the mouse type I interferon with antibodies. As we know, Zika can replicate all too well in humans, but the pathogenesis and cell tropism of this troubling virus is … Continue reading
Several interesting papers on responses to rotavirus infection have been published recently, so I thought I’d round them up in one place. Continue reading
Measles virus (MV) belongs to the genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. A number of paramyxoviruses inhibit host interferon (IFN) signaling pathways in host immune systems by various mechanisms. Inhibition mechanisms have been described for many paramyxoviruses. Although there are … Continue reading
Arboviruses are distributed worldwide and represent over 30% of all emerging infectious diseases identified in the past decade. This review describes virus interferon antagonists and common strategies that arboviruses use to counter the host innate immune response. Continue reading
Given the critical role of interferons (IFNs) as a first line of defense against infection, it is not surprising that many viruses have evolved strategies to block an IFN response as a means to increase their replication efficiency. Virus-mediated inhibition … Continue reading
The innate immune system forms the first line of defence against invading micro-organisms such as viruses. It dampens initial virus replication and ensures survival of the host until specialized adaptive responses are developed. Type I interferons (IFNs) are secreted key … Continue reading
In response to invasion with bacterial or viral pathogens, cells are able to mount an immediate immune response through their ability to use specialized cellular molecules, referred to as pattern recognition receptors or PRRs, to detect unusual DNA, ssRNA or … Continue reading
The flavivirus genus includes viruses with a remarkable ability to produce disease on a large scale. The expansion and increased endemicity of dengue and West Nile viruses in the Americas exemplifies their medical and epidemiological importance. The rapid detection of … Continue reading