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Novel Coronavirus is Well-adapted to Humans, Susceptible to Immunotherapy The new coronavirus that has emerged in the Middle East is well-adapted to infecting humans but could potentially be treated with immunotherapy. HCoV-EMC can penetrate the bronchial epithelium and evade the innate … Continue reading
Pelagibacter ubique is the most successful member of a group of bacteria called SAR11, that jointly constitute about a third of the single-celled organisms in the ocean. But this is not P. ubique’s only claim to fame, for unlike almost … Continue reading
2,016 confirmed cases of measles in England and Wales were reported to the Health Protection Agency (HPA) in 2012, the highest annual total since 1994. Dr Mary Ramsay, head of immunisation at the HPA, said: “Coverage of MMR is now … Continue reading
Exactly how hepatitis B virus causes liver cancer has been a mystery for a long time. It is clear that the X protein (HBx) has something to do with it, but exactly what mechanisms are involved? These are very different … Continue reading
Not many people like drinking poo, even if it’s for health reasons. A few hundred C. difficile patients have been given stool infusions from healthy donors, often because they have run out of options. And it works – more than 90 … Continue reading
When I wrote about the high incidence of norovirus infections in the UK recently – http://goo.gl/TUdko – a commenter helpfully pointed to a paper published in Eurosurveillance on January 3 described a new variant of norovirus called Sydney 2012. The UK HPA … Continue reading
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, has an extensive repertoire of tricks that it uses to evade, manipulate, and subvert the human immune system. Perhaps most insidious is the virus’s ability to turn the immune system’s defensive tactics to its … Continue reading
For all the media attention on the UK norovirus “epidemic” over the past few weeks, current figures recently released by the UK Health Protection Agency (see: http://goo.gl/KLNhl ) suggest that this norovirus season (“”winter vomiting”) is not particularly unusual. HPA … Continue reading