Tag Archives: Virology

Zoonotic Hepatitis E Virus

During the past ten years, several new hepatitis E viruses (HEVs) have been identified in various animal species. In parallel, the number of reports of indigenous hepatitis E in Western countries has increased as well, raising the question of what … Continue reading

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Herpesviruses as Pioneers in Cell Biology

Intracytoplasmic vesicular transport is well established; nucleo-cytoplasmic transport has so far been thought to be restricted to passage through the nuclear pore either passively, if size permits, or via karyopherin-mediated active transport. This limits transport in and out of the … Continue reading

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Closing in on the causes of host shutoff

When a virus enters a cell it relies on the molecular machinery of its host to help it replicate. In particular, the virus relies on the ribosomes in the host cell to translate viral messenger RNA (mRNA) into polypeptides. Many … Continue reading

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Latency in Herpes Simplex Virus 1

Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotropic virus that establishes a life-long latent infection in the trigeminal ganglia (TG) of the infected human host. From time to time the virus asymptomatically or symptomatically reactivates from the latency stage producing … Continue reading

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The debt we owe to retroviruses

It was already known that genes inherited from ancient retroviruses are essential to the formation of the placenta in mammals. Now it appears that genes with retrovirus origins may also be responsible for the more developed muscle mass seen in … Continue reading

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Fighting Rabies in China

China has the second highest number of reported rabies cases in the world, but numbers of human deaths have been decreasing. According to the WHO, the Chinese authorities are forecasting national rabies elimination by 2025. Most of the cases are … Continue reading

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The Ins and Outs of Multipartite Plant Viruses

Viruses possessing a non-segmented genome require a specific recognition of their nucleic acid to ensure its protection in a capsid. A similar feature exists for viruses having a segmented genome, usually consisting of viral genomic segments joined together into one … Continue reading

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The Buzz about Honey Bee Viruses

This short review presents current understanding of the role of viruses on honey bee health and address some overarching questions in honey bee virology. Why Should I Be Concerned about Honey Bee Colony Losses and What Is Colony Collapse Disorder … Continue reading

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Assessing the global threat from Zika virus

First discovered in 1947, Zika virus (ZIKV) infection remained a little-known tropical disease until 2015, when its apparent association with a considerable increase in the incidence of microcephaly in Brazil raised alarms worldwide. There is limited information on the key … Continue reading

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